Meditation, nakedness, nudity

Frank Answers About Naked Meditation

Question: I read your Frank Answer About Being Naked Before God. I’m not sure how comfortable I am getting naked for prayer. But assuming I’d like to try it to discover whatever benefits it  gives, it might take time to just get used to being naked without trying to do the full prayer with the texts and postures that you provide. It might be easier trying naked meditation. What are the advantages of being naked? Can you give advice about naked meditation  and offer a simple way of meditating while naked?

Answer: In my Frank Answer About Being Naked Before God I gave an example of a prayer based on the traditional liturgical Morning Prayer accompanied by body postures. Prayer, especially liturgical or ritual prayer, is different than meditation. Ritual prayer is active while meditation is passive. Prayer joins words and postures (in public corporate prayer the words are spoken or sung aloud) while meditation thrives in stillness and succeeds without words. Posture is involved in meditation, but a stable one rather than the various postures used in public prayer (standing, sitting, bowing, kneeling, turning, moving).

I also went out on a limb by experimenting with the use of the body being naked in prayer and discerning what might be gained by this practice. Obviously, it is not necessary to be naked to pray or meditate. I also recognize that nakedness is a barrier to cross for most people in our society. (I’m not a nudist!) We live in a clothed society, so we’re not used to being naked even when alone other than when we bathe or shower. But that is at least a start in feeling okay about being naked. Most Americans shower daily and they are naked when doing so.

Many men and women in our society have a low body image and low self-esteem. The two go together because, as phenomenologists like Edmund Husserl and Maurice Merleau-Ponty have proposed, we don’t just have a body, we are a body—a body with a mind and a soul, to be sure, but not a body that is just a container for the soul, as Plato taught, or an appendage to the mind, as Descartes’ cogito, ergo sum (I think, therefore I am) implied. Cognitive science today speaks of an embodied mind and modern psychology has come to see that what affects the body affects the mind (and the soul, I would add). So if we have body issues, that affects the mind. For example, our views of nudity could be affected by our own discomfort with being naked, either alone or around others. And that discomfort with nudity probably goes back to negative or even traumatic experiences in our early life.

On the other hand, we cannot be in touch with ourselves, much less with others or with the world or with God, unless we are in touch with our bodies, that is, with ourselves. We may want to achieve more awareness of ourselves in relationship to others, to the world, and to God by use of mental processes. But the mind is part of the body.  We may want to purify our souls from the compromises and corruptions of our engagements with the world, but the soul (who we essentially are) is affected by the experiences of the body in the world. We cannot come to terms with who we are apart from coming to terms with our body.  In our modern urbanized society we are disembodied. We are not in touch with our bodies. Clothed, we tend to forget about the body. If we are naked, consciousness of our bodily selves is unavoidable. Since we are a body, if we have a poor body image we will definitely have a poor self-image.

What contributes to a poor body image?  Here’s where the world comes into play. Poor body image occurs when the body is disparaged by oneself or by others. The body is disparaged for not measuring up to ideal representations of the body in our culture. If the ideal representation is that of a healthy youth, then realities like aging, physical disfigurements, being over weight or too skinny, being too small or or too tall, etc., can inevitably lead to a poor body image and cause body shame. And the easiest way to deal with that is to cover the body.

Of course, clothing is how we cover the body for warmth, for protection, for social modesty, or even for festivity (getting dressed up for special occasions). Clothing is culturally conditioned, although we still have to make stylistic choices that say something about ourselves. Our clothing choices express the way we want to present ourselves to others. In a sense we invent ourselves by the fashions we embrace. Choosing the clothing we wear can even be an expression of our fantasies of who we would like to be.

But nakedness is our natural state. When naked, everything is exposed. Nakedness reinforces honesty—with ourselves, with others, and with God. This is why couples share more deeply with each other when they are naked than when they are clothed. This is why families and friends experience bonding in the saunas of Finland and Russia. This is why men and women often conduct business in public baths in the Japanese and Korean spas.

Loving Our Naked Self

If we are going to be naked before God and ourselves in meditation we need to accept and love our bodies as they are. This isn’t easy because we live in a media-driven age and are constantly exposed to models that present ideal images of the human body for consumerist purposes. So we need to recognize that few of us will look like the models whose photos in magazines and on computer screens have had all blemishes removed. Most of them also work very hard by means of exercise and diets to keep themselves in good shape. Maintaining their bodies is as much the work of models as being in front of the camera and knowing how to pose. But that’s not most of us. And even though we may try to get adequate exercise and eat a healthy diet, we have other things to do that occupy our time and we’re not likely to develop model bodies.

Second, we may need to become more comfortable being naked, which means practicing being naked more often (not just when taking a shower or changing clothes).  Spend time just being naked in your house. Remain naked when you get up in the morning and make the coffee. Remain naked after your shower while cleaning up the bathroom and making your bed. Remain naked when doing morning exercises or yoga. In other words, just become comfortable being naked and start enjoying it. It might also be important to sometimes disassociate nakedness with sex, although not with sexuality. This is where naked meditation can help.

Naked in the Presence of God

Some would say that it makes no difference whether we meditate clothed or unclothed because we are into our minds anyway. But our minds are not separate from our bodies. The naga sadhus (naked holy men) in India gave up wearing clothes as part of their project of renouncing all worldly encumbrances in order to focus on things eternal. The fact of being naked was a constant bodily reminder of their calling.

naga sadhu in meditation

That cannot be the reason we would practice naked meditation in our world today. We don’t go around in a state of permanent nakedness. We wear clothes in public and might be naked only in private. Yet even in private many of us would find meditating in a state of nakedness to be a challenge because it is so out of our frame of reference since we live in a clothed society. We might even be ill-at-ease about being naked in private when we are focusing on being in the presence of God. But just so, sitting naked in meditation causes us to reflect on what we think about our bodies—that is, our selves—in relation to God and the social and natural worlds of which we are a part.

In meditation, whether naked or clothed, we are exposing ourselves to God and to ourselves as we really are with all our shame and vulnerability. We are, after all, the sons and daughters of Adam and Eve, who transgressed the limits imposed on them and discovered that they were naked. This was new knowledge about themselves that they couldn’t handle. They were also afraid of God because of their transgression. So they covered themselves with fig leaves and hid from God—and concealed their “private parts,” their uniqueness, from God and from each other. Surely a part of undoing that hiddenness is to come out of hiding — from God and from each other.

Adam and Eve Ashamed by James-Jacques-Joseph-Tissot (French-1836-1902). Tissot blended two instances of covering the body in the Genesis narrative: with fig leaves when the man and the woman discovered they were naked and hid from God and with animal skins provided by God when they were expelled from the paradise garden.

Vulnerability, Shame, and Honor

Precisely because we are clothed most of the time, and can fashion our identities by what we wear, nudity is often seen as making us vulnerable by exposing who and what we actually are. Meditating naked might be an opportunity to be honest about ourselves to ourselves and before the Holy One. In any event, being naked is a condition to notice and reflect on in the course of meditating while being naked.

How to Practice a Naked Meditation

Practicing a simple meditation while being completely naked can help us become more familiar with and accepting of our naked self. Here are some steps to follow to practice a form of naked meditation:

  • As with all personal meditation, you need a time and place where you can dedicate yourself to meditating and not be interrupted or distracted. Don’t bring your cell phone or other electronic devices into your place of meditation unless you are using it as a timer for your period of meditation. Some people use meditation music. But music can also become distracting. I recommend silence. But create a space for meditation by lighting a candle and placing a figurine or icon in a visible position.
  • Take off all clothes and accessories before the meditation. Wearing a wrist watch will cause you to be distracted by looking at the time. Instead, set a timer for the length of time you want to meditate.
  • Sit in a comfortable posture that isn’t going to irritate you if you sit for a long period of time. You might use a cushion or folded blanket to sit on with your legs crossed on the floor. The classic posture is lotus pose, but few of us are able to do that. Legs crossed is adequate, but with a straight back. Hands resting on your knees or thighs can allow your arms to prop yourself up. Palms facing up creates an arm rotation that helps you to sit up straight with shoulders back and chest (heart center) open. Open palms is also a gesture of openness. You could also sit with your back against a wall or in a chair. Note: if you are sitting with crossed legs, you need to change the cross occasionally.

I have found when I meditate early in the morning that my body needs stretching after sleeping through the night.  I might begin on my hands and knees in table pose for cat and cow stretches. Then move into child pose and in child pose curving to the right and to the left for side stretches. From child pose I move my legs around to get into a comfortable sitting position and prepare for sitting 20-30 minutes in meditation. I will slide a folded blanket under my butt for comfort and support.

After getting into a comfortable seated position evenly inhale and exhale for a minute or more. This helps to calm both the body and the mind.

Earth Meditation

If possible, try sitting naked on the ground outside rather than on a cushion or blanket. (This is only a seasonal opportunity for many). Having your naked butt on the ground can be tricky (rough surface) or itchy (grass). Maybe there’s a rock or sand to sit on or a shallow pool of water to sit in. Obviously, you want a secluded place. You are coming to terms with your naked self. Come to terms also with the naked Earth. Don’t let clothing or human structures get between your natural self and the Earth’s natural self. In meditation descend into your body; also descend into the Earth.

Also, the earth is an electromagnetic field that can charge the electrons in our body and replenish our energy by touching the earth directly. (This is called “Earthing”.)  A barefoot walking meditation across a grassy field or along a sandy beach or through a woodland trail provides grounding and also, on a clothing optional beach or in a secluded area, a naked walking meditation (See Frank Answers About Walking Meditation.)

Alone or Together

Here is a tough issue. It’s usually helpful to have a partner or others to meditate or pray with. It keeps us more disciplined to meditate or pray with others. Spouses or partners could meditate together if each partner wants to sit in meditation.  In this couple’s pose being back-to-back enables the couple to feel and synchronize their breathing. The meditating couple are two breathing as one. They are an interpersonal body.

But one of the spouses or partners might not be interested in meditation or might resist being naked in this way. So might you have friends who practice meditation (probably people of the same sex) who would be willing to get together for joint meditation? You would have to discern how comfortable they are with nakedness. If you have tried naked meditation first, you could share your experience with trusted friends and see where the conversation goes. Would they allow you to meditate naked even if they don’t?

There are an increasing number of naked yoga classes, especially in major urban areas. Some are men only, some are women only, and a few are co-ed. Those who practice yoga naked attest to its freedom and increased energy and flexibility. This would provide an opportunity to experience being naked with other like-minded people.

Yoga classes often provide meditation time. A naked yoga class might provide an opportunity for naked meditation.

There are also men’s yoga retreats at which nudity is practiced and group meditation might be included. Again, in an outdoor environment the naked body can connect with the naked Earth.



I should say that I’m not shy about being naked with others. Like other men my age, I showered and swam naked in the YMCA and high school swimming class as a youth.  I skinny-dipped with other guys in outdoor streams. I lived in a men’s college dorm in the 1960s with open shower rooms.  I had no embarrassment changing clothes and showering in the YMCA locker room when I used the gym. I enjoy going to our local Korean spa where nudity is required in the pool area.  I have received Asian body scrubs and massages, which includes no draping. As I have “returned to the body” philosophically and theologically in recent years I have been willing to explore the rich spiritual symbolism of nakedness/clothing.  I think we’re only at the beginning of exploring this rich antithesis in practice as well as theory.

It would be helpful if readers who have experiences of naked meditation would be willing to share their practice and reflections on it by posting about it in the comments section.

Pastor Frank Senn


  1. John

    On occasion I find myself drawn into reverence by my surroundings. Sunsets in the mountains or the quiet of a forest, for example. At these times, the situation permitting, I sit. I’m comfortable in half lotus, and I sit, taking in the moment. I find being naked somehow makes me feel more connected and enhances the experience.

  2. Ken Ely

    Since I spend a lot of time naked I am not at all uncomfortable with being without clothes but I have not yet incorporated nakedness in my prayer life. I think it a good idea, for all the reasons stated here. Since prayer and reading Scripture can embrace a variety of postures, all I need to do is assume them without clothes. But meditating naked may be more of a challenge. The naked part will come joyfully, for that is my favorite physical condition; meditating will be the grueling half of the couplet. At 69, I find sitting cross-legged impossible, or even sitting still for very long. Sitting in my easy-chair is the most comfortable, so meditating may have to be done in my bedroom and I may not know the pleasure of my bare butt on the prickly grass.
    I should spend more time waiting upon the Lord, and talking to Him, and to do it without the veneer of clothes is appropriate. Since our bodies were created conformed to the image he found ‘good’, they don’t need clothes on them to be good; they just are. How have we managed to lose that fact? (It’s a rhetorical question; I have lengthy opinions on how it happened.)

    • Comment by post author

      Dear Ken, my younger sitting buddy has had a flare-up of a knee injury from his even younger sports days and has difficulty sitting. He’s a more experienced meditator than me and when his knee is bothering him he lies on his back next to me while I’m sitting on the cushion. In yoga practice the savasana (corpse pose), done at the end of every yoga practice, is actually a meditation pose. So maybe you could try it. It still puts your body in a more active posture that focuses the mind than being in an easy chair.

      • Ken Ely

        Thank you for the suggestion of using Savasana Pose. Not being a Yoga practitioner, I had never heard of it so I did a little web research and read up on it. I think it will save me from pain in my knees and back. But I think it will be challenging and a learning experience. In one article I read, the author said that, in our society, ‘doing nothing was a skill that had to be learned’.
        I will begin tomorrow morning (Monday) after my prayer time.

        • Comment by post author

          I suggest putting a folded blanket under your head for a bit of elevation and a bolster or rolled-up blanket under your knees, which will also put your sacrum on the floor rather than arched. Being a chiropractor, I’m sure you will figure out these props. Your hands can lay on your chest or belly. Good luck.

          • Ken Ely

            Hi, Frank.
            Thanks for the propping suggestions. I will probably get to them in tomorrow’s meditation session. This morning, I tried the corpse pose just as it is taught and managed 10 minutes, after which I change my arm and leg positions to a more spread-eagle configuration, which allowed another 10 minutes. I was able to get some good meditation in by snatches but it was pretty chopped up by experimenting with positions.
            Before meditation, I pray, standing naked in the kitchen at the counter. My coffee cup is in front of me, my weight is slightly on the balls of my feet, and my hands are flat upon the counter top for balance. I have actually lapsed into meditation in that posture.

          • Comment by post author

            Standing can be a position for meditation also. Maybe that’s your posture. Check out tadasana (mountain pose). If you start walking there’s also walking meditation. See

      • Greg

        Hi, Frank
        I am a 70-year old male and have always enjoyed being naked by myself and with others.
        I have practised Christian Meditation for 35 years and meditate for 30 minutes twice a day.
        My preference is to meditate naked. To be comfortable under the gaze of God is enhanced, I think, by naked meditation. There is no place to hide, no issues with body-image: this is intimacy with the all-seeing, all-loving God who created me and who constantly invites me to dive more deeply into relationship with him. My human relationships are deepened by non-sexual nudity with others. I am gratified by many of my friends’ acceptance of my nudity and their willingness to enter into the naked experience.
        God bless you and your ministry.

  3. Ken Ely

    Well, corpse pose is not going to work but not because of joint pain: breathing becomes an issue. I have a residual breathing problem when I lay on my back from a hospital procedure that ‘went south’ a while back.
    So, here’s what I did this morning: I sat on a short stool with my back straight and my thighs spread at about 45 degrees. My knees were bent at 90 degrees, so it was a bit like Lotus position on a stool. That worked well.
    Ha! The towel I put on the stool was a bit scratchy: my version of sitting in the grass!

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