Question: I read your Frank Answer About Being Naked Before God. I’m not sure how comfortable I am getting naked for prayer. But assuming I’d like to try it to discover whatever benefits it gives, it might take time to just get used to being naked without trying to do the full prayer with the texts and postures that you provide. It might be easier trying naked meditation. What are the advantages of being naked? Can you give advice about naked meditation and offer a simple way of meditating while naked?
Answer: In my Frank Answer About Being Naked Before God I gave an example of a prayer based on the traditional liturgical Morning Prayer accompanied by body postures. Prayer, especially liturgical or ritual prayer, is different than meditation. Ritual prayer is active while meditation is passive; prayer joins words and postures (even if the words aren’t spoken or sung aloud) while meditation thrives in stillness and succeeds without words. Posture is involved in meditation, but a stable one.
I also went out on a limb by experimenting with the use of the body being naked in prayer and discerning what might be gained by this practice. Obviously, it is not necessary to be naked to pray or meditate. I also recognize that nakedness is a barrier to cross for most people in our society. (I’m not a nudist!) We live in a clothed society, so we’re not used to being naked even when alone other than when we bathe or shower. But that is at least a start in feeling okay about being naked. Most Americans shower daily and they are naked when doing so.
Many men and women in our society have a low body image and low self-esteem. The two go together because, as phenomenologists like Edmund Husserl and Maurice Merleau-Ponty have proposed, we don’t just have a body, we are a body—a body with a mind and a soul, to be sure, but not a body that is just a container for the soul, as Plato taught, or an appendage to the mind, as Descartes’ cogito, ergo sum (I think, therefore I am) implied. Cognitive science today speaks of an embodied mind and modern psychology has come to see that what affects the body affects the mind (and the soul, I would add). So if we have body issues, that affects the mind. For example, our views of nudity could be affected by our own discomfort with being naked, either alone or around others. And that discomfort with nudity probably goes back to early upbringing or negative experiences.
On the other hand, we cannot be in touch with ourselves, much less with others or with the world or with God, unless we are in touch with our bodies. We may want to achieve more awareness of ourselves in relationship to others, to the world, and to God by use of mental processes. But the mind is part of the body. We may want to purify our souls from the compromises and corruptions of our engagements with the world, but the soul (who we essentially are) is affected by the experiences of the body in the world. We cannot come to terms with who we are apart from coming to terms with our body. Clothed, we tend to forget about the body. If we are naked, consciousness of our bodily selves is unavoidable. Since we are a body, if we have a poor body image we will definitely have a poor self-image.
What contributes to a poor body image? Here’s where the world comes into play. Poor body image occurs when the body is disparaged by oneself or by others. The body is disparaged for not measuring up to ideal representations of the body in our culture. If the ideal representation is that of a healthy youth, then realities like aging, physical disfigurements, being over weight or too skinny, being too small or or too tall, etc., can inevitably lead to a poor body image and cause body shame. And the easiest way to deal with that is to cover the body.
Of course, clothing is how we cover the body for warmth, for protection, for social modesty, or even for festivity (getting dressed up for special occasions). Clothing is culturally conditioned, although we still have to make stylistic choices that say something about ourselves. Our clothing choices express the way we want to present ourselves to others. In a sense we invent ourselves by the fashions we embrace.
But nakedness is our natural state. When naked, everything is exposed. Nakedness reinforces honesty—with ourselves, with others, and with God. This is why couples share more deeply with each other when they are naked than when they are clothed. This is why families and friends experience bonding in the saunas of Finland and Russia. This is why men and women often conduct business in public baths in the Japanese and Korean spas.
Loving Our Naked Self
If we are going to be naked before God and ourselves in meditation we need to accept and love our bodies as they are. This isn’t easy because we live in a media-driven age and are constantly exposed to models that present ideal images of the human body for consumerist purposes. So we need to recognize that few of us will look like the models whose photos in magazines and on computer screens have had all blemishes removed. Most of them also work very hard by means of exercise and diets to keep themselves in good shape. Maintaining their bodies is as much the work of models as being in front of the camera and knowing how to pose. But that’s not most of us. And even though we may try to get adequate exercise and eat a healthy diet, we have other things to do that occupy our time and we’re not likely to develop model bodies.
Second, we may need to become more comfortable being naked, which means practicing being naked more often (not just when taking a shower or changing clothes). Spend time just being naked in your house. Remain naked when you get up in the morning and make the coffee. Remain naked after your shower while cleaning up the bathroom and making your bed. Remain naked when doing morning exercises or yoga. In other words, just become comfortable being naked and start enjoying it. It might also be important to sometimes disassociate nakedness with sex, although not with sexuality.
Third, try sleeping naked. It has definite health advantages. We sleep better when we’re not hot and sweaty, and the sleeping naked will keep the body cool. If you are getting too cold, add a blanket rather than pajamas. The body’s self-repair mechanism during sleep works more effectively in a cooler environment. The skin breathes better and circulation is increased without the constrictions of bed clothing or underwear. Nakedness also allows the genital area to get aired out. Touching your partner’s skin also arouses sexual desire.
Of course, if you are partnered and sleep together, you being naked may have to be okay with your partner, if she or he doesn’t want to join you in sleeping naked. One would think that people get naked to have sex, but that’s not always the case. Spouses or partners should spend time being naked for each other or with each other.
Naked in the Presence of God
Some would say that it makes no difference whether we meditate clothed or unclothed because we are into our minds anyway. But our minds are not separate from our bodies. The naga sadhus (naked holy men) in India gave up wearing clothes as part of their project of renouncing all worldly encumbrances in order to focus on things eternal. The fact of being naked was a constant bodily reminder of their calling.
That cannot be the reason we would practice naked meditation in our world today. We don’t go around in a state of permanent nakedness. We wear clothes in public and might be naked only in private. Yet even in private many of us would find meditating in a state of nakedness to be a challenge because it is so out of our frame of reference since we live in a clothed society. We might even be ill-at-ease about being naked in private when we are focusing on being in the presence of God. But just so, sitting naked in meditation causes us to reflect on what we think about our bodies—that is, our selves—in relation to God and the social and natural worlds of which we are a part.
In meditation, whether naked or clothed, we are exposing ourselves to God and to ourselves as we really are with all our shame and vulnerability. We are, after all, the sons and daughters of Adam and Eve, who transgressed the limits imposed on them and discovered that they were naked. This was new knowledge about themselves that they couldn’t handle. They were also afraid of God because of their transgression. So they covered themselves with fig leaves and hid from God—and concealed their “private parts,” their uniqueness, from God and from each other. Surely a part of undoing that hiddenness is to come out of hiding — from God and from each other.
Vulnerability, Shame, and Honor
Precisely because we are clothed most of the time, and can fashion our identities by what we wear, nudity is often seen as making us vulnerable by exposing who and what we actually are. Meditating naked might be an opportunity to be honest about ourselves to ourselves and before the Holy One. In any event, being naked is a condition to notice and reflect on in the course of meditating while being naked.
God created us as bodily creatures; he pronounced his creation as “very good.” So, objectively considered, from a Biblical perspective we have nothing to be ashamed of. If we have transgressed the limits and have something to hide, we express that (as Adam and Eve did) by covering up. Ironically, therefore, clothing is more an expression of our shame as human beings than nudity is. It is noteworthy that in some parts of the world, especially among indigenous people, there is less body shame than in Western societies, such as among these San Bushmen in Namibia who are naked by choice in the modern world.
How to Practice a Naked Meditation
Practicing a simple meditation while being completely naked can help us become more familiar with and accepting of our naked self. Here are some steps to follow to practice a form of naked meditation:
- As with all personal meditation, you need a time and place where you can dedicate yourself to meditating and not be interrupted or distracted. Don’t bring your cell phone or other electronic devices into your place of meditation unless you are using it as a timer for your period of meditation. Some people use meditation music. But music can also become distracting. I recommend silence. But create a space for meditation by lighting a candle and placing a figurine or icon in a visible position.
- Take off all clothes and accessories before the meditation. Wearing a wrist watch will cause you to be distracted by looking at the time. Instead, set a timer for the length of time you want to meditate.
- Sit in a comfortable posture that isn’t going to irritate you if you sit for a long period of time. You might use a cushion or folded blanket to sit on with your legs crossed on the floor. The classic posture is lotus pose, but few of us are able to do that. Legs crossed is adequate, but with a straight back. Hands resting on your knees or thighs can allow your arms to prop yourself up. Palms facing up creates an arm rotation that helps you to sit up straight with shoulders back and chest (heart center) open. Open palms is also a gesture of openness. You could also sit with your back against a wall or in a chair. Note: if you are sitting with crossed legs, you need to change the cross occasionally.
I have found when I meditate early in the morning that my body needs stretching after sleeping through the night. I might begin on my hands and knees in table pose for cat and cow stretches. Then move into child pose—also moving in child pose curving to the right and to the left for side stretches. From child pose I move forward onto my belly into cobra. With inhales and exhales I move up and down three times in low cobra and then once into high cobra or upward dog, which opens the heart. From there I sit for a 30 minute meditation.
If possible, try sitting naked on the ground outside rather than on a cushion or blanket. (This is only a seasonal opportunity for many). Having your naked butt on the ground can be tricky (rough surface) or itchy (grass). Maybe there’s a rock or sand to sit on or a shallow pool of water to sit in. Obviously, you want a secluded place.
Also, the earth is an electromagnetic field that can charge the electrons in our body and replenish our energy by touching the earth directly. (This is called “Earthing”.) A barefoot walking meditation across a grassy field or along a sandy beach or through a woodland trail provides grounding and also, on a clothing optional beach or in a secluded area, a naked walking meditation (See Frank Answers About Walking Meditation.)
Alone or Together
Here is a tough issue. It’s usually helpful to have a partner or others to meditate or pray with. It keeps us more disciplined to meditate or pray with others. Spouses or partners could meditate together if each partner wants to sit in meditation. In this couple’s pose being back-to-back enables the couple to feel and synchronize their breathing. The meditating couple are two breathing as one. They are an interpersonal body.
But one of the spouses or partners might not be interested in meditation or might resist being naked in this way. So might you have friends who practice meditation (probably people of the same sex) who would be willing to get together for joint meditation? You would have to discern how comfortable they are with nakedness. If you have tried naked meditation first, you could share your experience with trusted friends and see where the conversation goes. Would they allow you to meditate naked even if they don’t?
There are an increasing number of naked yoga classes, especially in major urban areas. Some are men only, some are women only, and a few are co-ed. Those who practice yoga naked attest to its freedom and increased energy and flexibility. This would provide an opportunity to experience being naked with other like-minded people.
Yoga classes often provide meditation time. A naked yoga class might provide an opportunity for naked meditation.
There are also men’s yoga retreats at which nudity is practiced and group meditation might be included.
I should say that I’m not shy about being naked with other males. Like other men my age, I showered and swam naked in the YMCA and high school swimming class as a youth. I skinny-dipped with other guys in outdoor streams. I lived in a men’s dorm in college with open shower rooms. I had no embarrassment changing clothes and showering in the YMCA locker room when I used the gym. I enjoy going to our local Korean spa where nudity is required in the pool area. I have received Asian body scrubs and massages, which includes no draping. As I have “returned to the body” philosophically and theologically in recent years I have been willing to explore the rich spiritual symbolism of nakedness/clothing. I think we’re only at the beginning of exploring this rich antithesis in practice as well as theory.
It would be helpful if readers who have experiences of naked meditation would be willing to share their practice and reflections on it by posting about it in the comments section.
Pastor Frank Senn